Cleft lip cleft palate is when there is an opening formed in the upper lip. This could be an opening or a split and it could happen even on the roof of the mouth or on both the upper lip and the roof of the mouth. The main cause of its occurrence is when the facial features that are shaping in an unborn baby do not develop completely.
The cleft palate or cleft lip is one of the most common occurrences of birth defects and these are mostly isolated defects. The cause could also be because of some genetic conditions or some genetic syndromes.
The good news, however, is that this condition can be corrected in some cases. A series of surgeries have worked on babies to give them a normal look without lots of scarring.
Causes of cleft lip or cleft palate
The facial cell is still developing when the unborn baby is just 12 weeks old. Two separate plates of tissue and bone are formed which move towards each other and then join at the mouth and the nose which develops into the skill.
A cleft develops when the fusion does not complete. There could be some genes because of which a cleft developing is more likely. The risk of developing a cleft is high if the mother smokes or drinks a lot if she is obese and has insufficient folic acid.
Complications that can arise because of the cleft lip or cleft palate
There could be many complications that can happen because of this condition. The children who have this condition face trouble in hearing, feeding, and speech.
- Feeding is a big issue when babies have a cleft palate. Babies with a cleft lip do not usually face feeding problems.
- Children who have a cleft palate have a risk of a build-up of fluid in the middle ear and this could lead to some infections or could even lead to a complete hearing loss.
- Dental problems are also common in children who have a cleft lip or cleft palate
- Children who have a cleft lip have lesser speech problems as compared to those who a cleft palate.
Treatment of clefts
Your doctor can assist you with the treatment for a cleft.
- Surgical treatment is required in most cases to repair the cleft. This is done under general anesthesia.
- Dental treatment is recommended because children with clefts are more prone to dental issues.
- Speech therapy is also required in most cases after the repair is done. The speech pathologist will check the child to know if he needs therapy.
It can be a challenge to deal with a cleft, both for the children and the parents. However, there are corrective surgeries that can help to cure the condition. There is no certain way to prevent having a cleft but it is said that the consumption of tobacco and alcohol during pregnancy could lead to its formation.
Genetic counseling could also help the parents understand the causes of the development of the cleft lip or cleft palate.
(Any health-related information or any medical opinion in the Pregnancy news is gathered from secondary sources to give relative and informative enlightenment. The opinions expressed here are the views of the source and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of Healtheoz.)