It is exciting to know that a woman is pregnant with more than one baby. But with multiple babies, the risk of complications also increases.
The problems with multiple pregnancies
As per statistics, 3 in 5 twins are born prematurely. Nearly all the higher multiples are born before achieving 37 weeks. The risk of early birth is higher with the increase in the number of fetuses.
Low birth weight
Preterm delivery causes low birth weight. This increases the chances of developing complications in the newborn. The babies that are born with a low birth weight could develop complications like cerebral palsy, mental retardation or vision, and hearing loss. The babies that are born prematurely have low birth weight and they could need help with eating, breathing, and fighting infections. Most of the babies are also need to be kept in a neonatal intensive care unit.
Gestational high blood pressure
Women who carry multiple fetuses are more likely to develop high blood pressure when they are pregnant. The health problems start early on in pregnancy and the situation is much worse than in women who carry singles. This increases the risk of placental abruption.
Preeclampsia or high blood pressure are more likely to develop in multiple babies. This is a condition that affects the babies and more than half of the triplets develop Preeclampsia.
The women who carry multiple babies are more likely to develop gestational diabetes.
The multiple birth babies are at high risk of developing problems that are present at birth like neural tube defects and Spina bifida. They could also develop heart and digestive tract problems.
Miscarriages are more common when the mother is carrying multiple babies. The likelihood of vanishing twin syndrome is high when carrying multiples. This is when more than one fetus is found but it vanishes. The condition happens mostly in the first trimester and is associated with bleeding. There is also a high risk of pregnancy loss in the later trimesters.
Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)
The multiple pregnancies and the single pregnancies grow at the same rate but that happens until a certain time. The multiple pregnancy growth starts to slow down at around 30 to 32 weeks. The pregnancy starts to slow down much earlier in the case of triples or quadruplet pregnancies. This happens because the placenta is unable to handle more growth. This causes the babies to compete with each other to get the nutrients.
Most mothers who are carrying multiple babies will be recommended a cesarean. Twins, however, could be delivered through the vagina which is dependent on the babies presentation.
Multiple pregnancies are when the woman carries more than one baby. Of each type of multiple births, the fewest medical problems are faced by twins. With each additional baby, the complications in pregnancy tend to increase.
(Any health-related information or any medical opinion in the Pregnancy news is gathered from secondary sources to give relative and informative enlightenment. The opinions expressed here are the views of the source and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of Healtheoz.)