Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland produces less amount of the thyroid hormone and this is a problem that is common in women who are in their childbearing age. If a woman is detected with hypothyroidism when she is pregnant then this could lead to a development delay of the child. However, the good news is that the hypothyroidism can be treated for which the women will be given a thyroid hormone medication.
How can hypothyroidism be treated in pregnancy?
Hypothyroidism treatment is the same in pregnant women as women with hypothyroidism are treated when they are not pregnant. In order to replace the hormone that is missing she is given a synthetic T4. The medication dosage is adjusted so that a steady blood level is maintained in the body and it is within the acceptable range. It is thus important that the blood level is monitored to check for the thyroid stimulating hormone when the woman is pregnant.
What could happen if a woman has hypothyroidism when she is pregnant?
Hypothyroidism leads to developmental delay in the child. The relationship between the mother’s thyroid level and the brain development of the child is known and if the woman is not given the right treatment then this affects the IQ level of the child.
If the thyroid is uncontrolled then this could have a long term effect on the child. The effect is also seen in the case when the hypothyroidism is not severe. If the level of hypothyroidism is severe then the development problems in the child will also be more.
How can the consequences be avoided?
Hypothyroidism is common among pregnant women and it can be treated. However one needs to be aware of the problems and get them diagnosed immediately.
- If you are planning to get pregnant then you should get yourself screened for thyroid
- Pregnant women who have a family history of thyroid or go threshold test for the disease
- Antibodies contribute to hypothyroidism and this plays a role in pregnancy.
- Those who are on thyroid hormone replacement should test themselves to ensure that they are taking the right dosage. Sometimes the dosage increase by even 50%.
- As the pregnancy progresses there will be cases when the woman will have to increase the dosage. the dosage should thus be monitored carefully
- Women who had hypothyroidism before they got pregnant would normally go back to the earlier dosage after they deliver
These are only some guidelines and every woman should ensure that she check with her doctor when she plans to get pregnant.
Hypothyroidism is an endocrine disorder and this could cause an adverse outcome for both the mother and the baby. It is thus important that when a woman is diagnosed with hypothyroidism she is diagnosed and treated immediately. The sub-clinical hypothyroidism also needs to be treated. Universally women who are pregnant are screened for hypothyroidism and this ensures that one gets prompt treatment. Hypothyroidism if left untreated could affect both the mother and the child adversely.
(Any health-related information or any medical opinion in the Pregnancy news is gathered from secondary sources to give relative and informative enlightenment. The opinions expressed here are the views of the source and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of Healtheoz.)