A woman’s body is designed by nature to go through childbirth. Her pelvis, muscles, and hormones work together and in harmony to bring the baby into the world. These start to work as soon as the woman conceives and until she delivers.
The pelvis, the uterus, and the cervix
It is important to first understand the anatomy of the pelvis, uterus, and the cervix. You also need to know about its structure and how it surrounds the baby.
- The pelvis and its muscles and bones give support to the uterus and the baby that is growing and it also offers the passage through which the baby will get delivered
- The uterus surrounds the baby and it grows with the baby
- A part of the uterus, the cervix, is made up of various tissues. At the pregnancy stages, the cervix is closed and thick. But when the pregnancy progresses and reaches the pregnancy childbirth stage the contractions cause the cervix to come up in the uterus and this then becomes thin and opens which is known as dilation. When the cervix is dilated completely, the contractions will let the baby start to move from the uterus into the vagina.
- The vagina is the passage of the cervix to the outside and its inside has many folds known as rugae that keeps unfolding when the baby passes through it.
The body prepares for childbirth
Here is how the body prepares itself for pregnancy childbirth.
Braxton Hicks contractions
Before the proper contractions start to happen the woman’s body starts to experience Braxton hick’s contractions. This is when the uterus will tighten and relax. The contractions are not painful and it helps the cervix and the uterus to prepare for labor.
Braxton hicks contractions start to get more frequent close to labor.
Changes in the cervix
The cervix becomes thin and gets ready to be dilated that allows the baby to enter into the vagina. You could also observe some mucus that is bloodstained.
In this stage, the baby moves down from the pelvis and its head gets engaged. This is when the baby’s head sits in its place over the cervix and gets ready for birth. Some women experience lightening at this stage where they feel that they get more room to breathe.
Water break or membrane rupture
The sac that contains the amniotic fluid and the baby breaks before the contractions start. The woman experiences some fluid gushing out of the vagina which is water breaking. The watercolor is light yellow but if it is green or red then this indicates that the baby is troubled.
If your water breaks but you do not experience any contractions in 24 hours then labor would have to be induced elsewhere is a risk of catching infections.
It is important to know what happens in your body as it is helpful to let you prepare for birth. It will let you understand the signals of your body and participate in pregnancy childbirth.
(Any health-related information or any medical opinion in the Pregnancy news is collected from secondary sources to give relative and informative enlightenment. The opinions expressed here are the views of the source and do not necessarily show the views and opinions of Healtheoz.)