Getting pregnant does not give you the liberty to eat what you wish to. Eating unhealthy during those nine months is not just bad for you but also affects your baby. To have a smooth pregnancy and a healthy baby make sure that you eat a diet rich in nutrients and vitamins.
The nutrients are important
The amount of food and the type of food that you consume in your pregnancy diet is very important for your health and for the normal development of the fetus. The poor health of the mother affects the growth and fetus development.
When a pregnant woman does not consume healthy food, then the baby is prone to become undernourished and the baby could be underweight. These babies could later in life develop diabetes and other neurological problems. The way the genes of a fetus function is also dependent on what the mother eats.
A diet that does not have enough nutrients can damage the brain development of the baby.
Effects of poor diet during pregnancy and the harm that it does on the baby
- If a pregnant woman does not consume food that is rich in nutrients then this may affect the health of the baby.
- The babies who are born to obese mothers are obese themselves. The mother also has complications like high blood pressure and gestational diabetes.
- Low birth babies tend to become obese later in life. Low birth weight also leads to many heart disease.
- The children born to obese mothers have an increased risk of diabetes, heart diseases, and cancer
- If the mother does not consume enough calories then the child could be born with less intelligence and IQ.
Minerals and vitamins
It is also important that a pregnant woman’s diet has enough vitamins and minerals. This helps in the normal development of the fetus.
- Low vitamin C levels lead to abnormal development of the heart.
- Low amounts of vitamin A slows down the cell division and also causes trouble in development of the heart, liver, and lungs.
- Vitamin D deficiency causes slow growth of the bones
- Low amounts of vitamin K impacts in the development of the teeth and the face of the baby and there could also be mineral deposition on its fetal bones
- Low levels of foliated could cause a condition known as Spina bifida
The mother also needs sufficient quantities of minerals like iron, calcium, iodine, and zinc that is crucial for a normal pregnancy and a healthy and full-term baby.
If you are planning to conceive or are pregnant then it is important that you eat a well-balanced diet that is low in the bad fats. Include lots of fresh fruits and vegetables. You may want to consult a dietician to work out a diet plan for you. Bad meal affects your pregnancy so take care to eat healthily.
Doctors normally prescribe the vitamin and mineral supplements to make sure that the child and the mother get the required nutrition. If you suffer from any problem where absorption of the nutrients is hindered, then consult your doctor immediately.
(Any health-related information or any medical opinion in the Pregnancy news is collected from secondary sources to give relative and informative enlightenment. The opinions expressed here are the views of the source and do not necessarily show the views and opinions of Healtheoz.)