When there is an insufficiency of healthy red blood cells that helps to carry oxygen to the body tissues, then this medical condition is called anemia. Since the tissues do not get the required quantity of oxygen it affects the organs and its functions. During pregnancy, anemia is a concern because the condition could lead to a low birth weight of the baby or premature birth. Anemia could also be the cause of the mother’s death.
Anemia affects women with pregnancy and they are at a much higher risk because of the excess blood produced by the body in order to give sufficient nutrients to the baby. If the condition is diagnosed early then it can be treated. However, if left untreated then it could pose a serious problem for the baby as well as the mother.
Know the different types of anemia that develops during pregnancy
There are close to 400 types of anemia. However, some of them are common during pregnancy:
- Iron deficiency anemia
- Folate deficiency anemia
- Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia
What causes anemia in pregnancy
The main cause of anemia is the quantity as well as the health of the RBC’s that the body produces. The hemoglobin level falls in pregnancy which is because of the plasma volume expansion as compared to the increase in the volume of the red blood cells. This disproportionate increase happens mostly in the second trimester.
The red blood cells could be affected because of:
- Lack of iron in the mothers’ diet
- Because of pregnancy
Common symptoms of anemia that you should be aware of during pregnancy
Some of the symptoms of anemia could be very mild and there are chances that they may go unnoticed. However, it gets worse when the condition increases. It is important that you talk to your doctor to know the condition.
Common symptoms include:
- Fatigue and weakness
- Feeling of dizziness
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular and rapid heartbeat
- Pain in the chest
- Skin lips and the nails turning pale in color
- Hand and feet feeling cold
- Trouble in concentration.
How can anemia be treated in pregnancy
The condition can be treated by adding vitamin supplements to the mother’s diet. She should have it daily. This is all that is required in order to reverse the condition. However, if the case is very severe then the doctor would recommend a blood transfusion.
How to prevent anemia during pregnancy
You need to make some additions to your diet to prevent anemia. It is recommended that a pregnant woman adds 30mg of iron to her diet each day.
Lean and red meat, dark leafy vegetates, eggs, nuts, and seed, beans, and tofu are food that is rich in iron.
It can be difficult to get the required quantity of iron through food and thus doctors recommended that pregnant women take iron supplements in addition to having an iron-rich diet. The food that is high in vitamin C helps the body absorb more iron so it is recommended that these are included in the diet too.
Any health-related information or any medical opinion in the content is gathered from secondary sources and is only for the purpose of information and this should not be treated as a specific diagnosis or treatment plan for any individual situation. Using this site and the information contained in it is not to create a doctor-patient relationship. Always make sure to seek the advice of your doctor if you have any issues or questions regarding yours or the health of others.