Infertility comes to most couples as a great shock. It is a great disappointment for the couples who know that they cannot become parents.
Understand what fertility is
For a woman who starts menstruation until the time she attains menopause, one or sometimes more eggs get released from her ovaries. This egg is called ovum and it moves down from the Fallopian tube. This is where the egg may come into contact with the sperm and then get fertilized.
In a single ejaculation, men are capable of producing more than 300 million sperms. Theses perms move into the cervical mucus of the woman and from there up through her cervix and then into her uterus. From here it moves to her Fallopian tube.
It is seen that around 85% of couples get pregnant within a year of trying. Some may take longer that is two to three years. The chances of getting pregnant get low with age. Ten years before her menopause the eggs of the women will start to be of low quality.
Thus around the age of 38 to 40, the fertility in women starts to drop at a very fast rate. The decline in the health of the eggs can, however, start as soon as 35 years of age. Also, cases of miscarriage also increase as a woman ages. The more the age the chances of miscarriage are higher.
Men who have a normal sperm count are capable of fertilization do not face as many issues as women. However, studies show that fertility in men also starts to decrease with age.
The woman can be checked for infertility when she has been trying for a year at least without any result. Today’s lifestyle where women are postponing pregnancy is one of the major causes of infertility. Other factors like being busy and not having regular intercourse, sperm count declining, STD’s and the harmful effects of the environment also playing a major role in infertility.
Infertility is further divided into two categories. They are primary infertility and secondary infertility. Primary infertility occurs when the woman has not been pregnant before and secondary infertility is when the woman has conceived before. The causes of both the kinds of infertility are mostly the same.
There are many reasons why a couple could be infertile. The reasons could be because of male factor, female factor or a combination of both of them.
The common causes of infertility are:
- Problems with ovulation
- Block Fallopian tube or other structural problems
- Problems with the sperm like low sperm count or absence of sperm
- A mix of male and female fertility issues
- Some unknown reason
Both male and female could have factors because of which the couple is unable to be a parent. It could also be that the woman has a minor fertility problem and the male to has a minor fertility problem. However together it could be a major concern.
It is a pure misconception that malefactors do not play a significant role in infertility. In fact, more than 40% of cases of infertility are because of a malefactor.
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