Usually, two kinds of tests are done to know if a woman is pregnant. These are the urine test and the blood test. Both of the tests are done to check the presence of the hCG or the human chorionic gonadotropin which is the hormone that the placenta produces after the embryo attaches itself to the lining of the uterine. This then starts to build up fast in the first few pregnancy days.
When this change in hormone happens at a fast rate it triggers the symptoms of pregnancy.
The urine test can be performed both at home as well as in a clinic. The pregnant woman will be asked to collect the urine in a cup and she will have to dip a stick into the container with a dropper. At other times the woman will be asked to place a stick when she is urinating and catch the urine when it is flowing.
This will cause a change in color or could also form a plus or a minus sign. There are also many test kits that will read as “not pregnant” or “pregnant”.
Taking the urine test
Doctors advise the woman to wait until the first day that she has missed her periods to take the urine test. This will be close to two weeks after she has conceived.
The urine test is highly accurate if it is done properly. The home pregnancy tests are also very accurate and come cheap. But take care to do the test properly because if not done correctly or done early then it could lead to an inaccurate result. If you get a negative result when you do the urine test at home but still see the pregnancy signs then ask your doctor to get a blood test done.
Blood tests during pregnancy are of two types. The quantitative blood test is done to measure the amount of hCG in the blood. The qualitative blood test is done to answer if the woman is or is not pregnant.
A blood test can help to detect the pregnancy much faster than the urine test and it also can let you measure the hCG hormone in the blood. This helps the doctor to look for any possible complications in pregnancy.
The blood test is however expensive than the urine test and it also takes longer to get the result of the test. The blood test cannot be done yourself at home and you need to visit the doctor’s clinic for the same.
The urine pregnancy test will ask for a sample of your urine which should be the first urine that you pass in the day. This is used to check for the presence of the hCG hormone. This can easily be done at home using a pregnancy test kit that is available in the medical store. The results are highly accurate.
The blood pregnancy test is done at the doctor’s clinic and is done in case the doctor suspects an ectopic pregnancy or any complication. The test is expensive but also more conclusive. It helps to accurately calculate the number of days the woman is pregnant. It can be done earlier than a urine test.
(Any health-related information or any medical opinion in the Pregnancy news is gathered from secondary sources to give relative and informative enlightenment. The opinions expressed here are the views of the source and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of Healtheoz.)